The Hajj (Arabic: حَجّ Ḥaǧǧ “pilgrimage”) is an annual Islamic pilgrimage to Makkah, the holiest city for Muslims, and a mandatory religious duty for Muslims that must be carried out at least once in their lifetime by all adult Muslims who are physically and financially capable of undertaking the journey, and can support their family during their absence.
Hajj means heading to a place for the sake of visiting. In Islamic terminology, Hajj is a pilgrimage made to Kaabah, the ‘House of God’, in the sacred city of Makkah in Saudi Arabia.
It is one of the five pillars of Islam, alongside Shahadah, Salat, Zakat and Sawm. The Hajj is the second largest annual gathering of Muslims in the world. The Hajj is a demonstration of the solidarity of the Muslim people and their submission to God (Allah). The word Hajj means “to attend a journey”, which connotes both the outward act of a journey and the inward act of intentions.
The rites of Hajj, which according to Islam go back to the time of Prophet Abraham who built Kaabah after it had been first built by Prophet Adam. Hajj is performed over five or six days, beginning on the eighth and ending on the thirteenth day of Dhu al-Hijjah, the last month of the Islamic calendar.